QTL analysis of domestication syndrome in zombi pea (Vigna vexillata), an underutilized legume crop

Publication Overview
TitleQTL analysis of domestication syndrome in zombi pea (Vigna vexillata), an underutilized legume crop
AuthorsDachapak S, Tomooka N, Somta P, Naito K, Kaga A, Srinives P
TypeJournal Article
Journal NamePloS one
Volume13
Issue12
Year2018
Page(s)e0200116
CitationDachapak S, Tomooka N, Somta P, Naito K, Kaga A, Srinives P. QTL analysis of domestication syndrome in zombi pea (Vigna vexillata), an underutilized legume crop. PloS one. 2018; 13(12):e0200116.

Abstract

Zombi pea (Vigna vexillata (L.) A. Rich) is an underutilized crop belonging to the genus Vigna. Two domesticated forms of zombi pea are cultivated as crop plants; seed and tuber forms. The cultivated seed form is present in Africa, while the cultivated tuber form is present in a very limited part of Asia. Genetics of domestication have been investigated in most of cultivated Vigna crops by means of quantitative trait locus (QTL) mapping. In this study, we investigated genetics of domestication in zombi pea by QTL analysis using an F2 population of 139 plants derived from a cross between cultivated tuber form of V. vexillata (JP235863) and wild V. vexillata (AusTRCF66514). A linkage map with 11 linkage groups (LGs) was constructed from this F2 population using 145 SSR, 117 RAD-seq and 2 morphological markers. Many highly segregation distorted markers were found on LGs 5, 6, 7, 8, 10 and 11. Most of the distorted markers were clustered together and all the markers on LG8 were highly distorted markers. Comparing this V. vexillata linkage map with linkage maps of other four Vigna species demonstrated several genome rearrangements in V. vexillata. QTL analysis for 22 domestication-related traits was investigated by inclusive composite interval mapping in which 37 QTLs were identified for 18 traits; no QTL was detected for 4 traits. Number of QTLs detected in each trait ranged from 1 to 5 with an average of only 2.3. Five QTLs for tuber width and three QTLs for tuber weight. Interestingly, 2 QTLs each for tuber width and tuber weight detected on LG2 and LG4 were located at similar position and wild allele increased tuber width and weight. This indicated wild germplasm having small tuber have potential to increase yield of large tuber cultivated type. Large-effect QTLs (PVE > 20%) were on LG4 (pod length), LG5 (leaf size and seed thickness), and LG7 (for seed-related traits). Comparison of domestication-related QTLs of the zombi pea with those of cowpea (Vigna unguiculata), azuki bean (Vigna angularis), mungbean (Vigna radiata) and rice bean (Vigna umbellata) revealed that there was conservation of some QTLs for seed size, pod size and leaf size between zombi pea and cowpea and that QTLs associated with seed size (weight, length, width and thickness) in each species were clustered on same linkage.

Stocks
This publication contains information about 1 stocks:
Stock NameUniquenameType
JP235863/AusTRCF66514-F2JP235863/AusTRCF66514-F2population
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Pages

Projects
This publication contains information about 1 projects:
Project NameDescription
Vigna-Domestication-Dachapak-2018
Featuremaps
This publication contains information about 1 maps:
Map Name
Vigna-JP235863/AusTRCF66514-F2
Properties
Additional details for this publication include:
Property NameValue
Publication ModelElectronic-eCollection
ISSN1932-6203
eISSN1932-6203
Publication Date2018
Journal AbbreviationPLoS ONE
DOI10.1371/journal.pone.0200116
Elocation10.1371/journal.pone.0200116
LanguageEnglish
Language Abbreng
Publication TypeJournal Article
Journal CountryUnited States
Publication TypeResearch Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Cross References
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DatabaseAccession
PMID: PubMedPMID:30562342