Candidate genes for quantitative resistance to Mycosphaerella pinodes in pea (Pisum sativum L.)
Partial resistance to Mycosphaerella pinodes in pea is quantitatively inherited. Genomic regions involved in resistance (QTLs) have been previously identified in the pea genome, but the molecular basis of the resistance is still unknown. The objective of this study was to map resistance gene analogs (RGA) and defense-related (DR) genes in the JI296 x DP RIL population that has been used for mapping QTLs for resistance to M. pinodes, and identify co-localizations between candidate genes and QTLs. Using degenerate oligonucleotide primers designed on the conserved motifs P-loop and GLPL of cloned resistance genes, we isolated and cloned 16 NBS-LRR sequences, corresponding to five distinct classes of RGAs. Specific second-generation primers were designed for each class. RGAs from two classes were located on the linkage group (LG) VII. Another set of PCR-based markers was designed for four RGA sequences previously isolated in pea and 12 previously cloned DR gene sequences available in databases. Out of the 16 sequences studied, the two RGAs RGA-G3A and RGA2.97 were located on LG VII, PsPRP4A was located on LG II, Peachi21, PsMnSOD, DRR230-b and PsDof1 were mapped on LG III and peabetaglu and DRR49a were located on LG VI. Two co-localizations between candidate genes and QTLs for resistance to M. pinodes were observed on LG III, between the putative transcription factor PsDof1 and the QTL mpIII-1 and between the pea defensin DRR230-b gene and the QTL mpIII-4. Another co-localization was observed on LG VII between a cluster of RGAs and the QTL mpVII-1. The three co-localizations appear to be located in chromosomal regions containing other disease resistance or DR genes, suggesting an important role of these genomic regions in defense responses against pathogens in pea.
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